metal stud framing vs wood
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then you may want to strongly consider the metal framed structure. Insurance premiums may be lower for buildings with steel framing than for those with wood framing. But with all steel studs, there’s nothing for those pesky bugs to eat. A Breakdown of Metal Studs vs. Wood Studs The main benefit of metal studs is that they are cheap and durable under extreme weather. Privacy Policy, Four Places You Can Cut Costs on your Next Commercial Building Project →, 5 reasons senior housing is (still) a good investment, Construction materials shortage amid COVID-19 pandemic, What COVID means for the future of office space, The cost of metal framing has remained relatively steady, according to, “. The wood frame has the roll-out fiberglass insulation between the studs that has been used for many years. The result is lower disposal costs. To me, this seems to be the best of both worlds where you have good stable insulation on the side walls, and a good non-conductive material above and below the RV where the insulation shouldn't be moving around creating any voids. Plus, steel is fire-proof for even more protection! It also does not emit Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs). The molded aluminum structure uses an outer and inner skin rivoted together with aluminum I-beams and insulation in-between. Steel studs are known to have a low mass, so they weaken and break easily in a fire. Metal framing may rust in a similar condition. Good for problem areas: Steel studs work well in bathrooms, basements, and other water-prone areas since they are impervious to moisture. Since we were building a BIG tiny house, we needed to think about weight all the time. The wood frame has the roll-out fiberglass insulation between the studs that has been used for many years. If you are typically camping within a few hundred miles of home, then the aluminum sheets on a wood frame would be a better choice, however, if you plan on seeing. Metal can be cut using aviation snips, which means no sawdust and less construction noise compared to using a miter saw to cut wood studs. My concern (along with others) is that as the RV bounces down the road for hundreds of miles at a time, this insulation will start to fall and create voids of space that are not insulated at all. The metal framed sidewalls are bonded and pressed together with a consistent thickness of Styrofoam between all of the framing throughout. Moisture infiltration in an aging wood-framed structure may need to be replaced over time as a result of mold, insects or other damage. What choice you decide on will make a considerable difference in the price and the weight of your trailer. Because of the cost of materials, an RV with a wood frame is going to be considerably less expensive than the RV constructed with a metal frame. Steel framing is not flammable, but wood framing is combustible. There is much debate about the use of wood framing versus steel framing in construction and which of the two rises to the top. Weight: Depending on the gauge used, steel studs can be 10% lighter than wood (based on a 2.5" wide 43 mil steel stud compared to 2x4" wood stud). Sign up here! Scrap is reduced: use of steel results in 2 percent scrap while use of wood produces 20 percent scrap. Again, this leads me to how far I will be traveling. The fiberglass on metal problem with moisture is delamination. Are you looking for cost-savings in the short-term? This has to do with the lighter weight of the metal frame design plus the less wind resistant flat fiberglass side walls that will cut through the air better than the sheets of corrugated aluminum if you are traveling long distances. As the technology evolves, metal framing has gotten stronger while also getting lighter in weight. The truth is, you don’t want to have to deal with moisture in either of them, so the best way to avoid it is to keep your RV parked under a shed when not in use, and check your seals and keep them fresh by inspecting twice per year. First of all, lets talk about price. Are you seeking the staying power of steel or the bearing strength of wood? The R-Value, or insulating capacity, of steel is lower than that of wood. Their streamlined shape is designed to allow the wind to flow more easily while towing and the Airstream website claims up to 20% improved fuel effeciency over similarly sized travel trailers. There are some good things and bad things about going with either choice of a wood frame or a metal frame, and there are good reasons for either design. This is because steel heats up quicker than wood. Precast Concrete vs. Steel Framing vs. Wood Framing. Steel will not shrink, warp, split or mold. Are you interested in getting updates when new articles are added? This method uses welded aluminum or welded steel tubing for the frame of the RV with a laminated fiberglass covering on the side walls. Onalaska, WI 54650, © 2020. Steel framing requires a thermal break to be included as part of the insulation process. Lightweight: Steel studs are lighter to carry and store than wood because they are hollow. The plus side in that is not having to worry about slideout breakdowns or water leaking through the slide. Or the peace-of-mind that comes with knowing maintenance costs may be lower in the long-term? The interlocking aluminum covering is then attached to the studs from top to bottom. Studs can nest into each other to some degree. Both construction methods have their own difficulty with moisture. Steel Framing — the cons • Insulation. As a result, less settling may occur in a steel structure compared to a wood structure. In the end, the decision is yours. Wood framing systems use much less expensive fasteners than that of steel framing. When purchasing an RV with this method of construction, look for smaller strips of aluminum as you reach the roof line. The last point I wanted to write on is moisture damage. 2700 National Drive, Suite 101 One of the major decisions in the whole purchase process is the type of construction materials to select. That can lead to a better return for owners. That’s right; metal is cheaper! Some manufactures even use aluminum on the sidewalls, and wood in the roof and flooring. In this article I will attempt to give a good description of what the differences are in these two methods and discuss some of the pros and cons for each design strategy. The silver bullet design looked a little bland to me at first when I started looking into RV's, but as most others well know, they are very high end, well constructed campers. The metal framed sidewalls are bonded and pressed together with a consistent thickness of Styrofoam between all of the framing throughout. How to frame your building is no small consideration, and many factors come into play. A wood based product is going to rot which is difficult or impossible to fix without ripping everything out that has been damaged. As the supply of quality lumber diminishes, steel studs will replace their wood stud cousins more and more in home construction. Steel, wood and concrete frame structures are three of the most common construction materials in the world. The tradeoff is that you are giving up some space by not having a slideout. However, the actual insulation that is put in between the framing looks a lot better on the metal design. Steel framed homes are thought to be harder to insulate than their wooden counterparts. Steel is at least 25 percent recycled and is 100 percent recyclable. Wood studs are easier to cut. Steel studs are more affordable than wood. Where you are camping may play a big part in one design method over another. The wood frame construction method (also called standard construction) uses wood studs for the side walls and roof trusses with an aluminum or sometimes even a fiberglass outside covering. Also, because the fiberglass is flat and smooth, cleaning the RV should be somewhat easier than cleaning between all the ridges of the aluminum. If I'm taking shorter trips, then the insulation would logically have less time bouncing down the road to make a big difference, but if I'm going across country, then you may want the peace of mind that the insulation isn't going anywhere.

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