goat carcass grading
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Related to sensorial acceptability of meat from goat, there are differences between breeds and age of slaughter, being preferred young kids respect heavy or adults by presenting not so strong taste. Final carcass weight increased on the meat purpose breed Serrana in kids from 10 to 40% of the final adult weight (FAW); however, the performance of 20 and 30% were lower (46.2–46.6% respectively) than those obtained at 10% (51.4%) or 40% (47.9%) of the FAW. In well-managed animals, sheep meat is considered to be quite tender, while the meat from goat, while generally acceptable, tends to be less tender than that from sheep. This happened in Ref. In the same study, a dairy breed was analyzed (Murciano-Granadina, 5.6 kg CCW), and presented a fatty acid profile more similar to lamb (10 kg CCW) than to Bermeya light kids. ... Sheep carcasses tend to be perceived as higher quality than goat carcasses, and meat breeds of goats, such as the Boer, tend to be perceived as having higher quality carcasses, based on hindleg circumference, than indigenous or feral- and milk-type goats. Nevertheless, [57] have not reported statistical differences in odor, juiciness or overall palatability between both species. Mutton is a female (ewe) or an adult noncastrated male (ram) or a castrated male (wether) with more than two permanent incisors in wear. Afterward, an external classification according to morphology and fatness is necessary, using the official European Systems based on photographic models [5, 6]. Generally we found in the market meat from young animals, mainly as a by-product of milk production.” Animals are slaughtered young because consumers do not favor the strong taste and odor of older animals. Proximate composition of meat can be defined by the quantification of its different components such as moisture, ash, protein, or fat evaluated according to International Organization for Standardization Protocols (ISO). As already [1] pointed in the last decade, the possible benefits from science advances on several fields, considering goat, are not yet so extent as on other livestock species, although that scientific generated information could help breeders and society on their education and raising global awareness of the species. Only one mark on the carcase for lamb, sheep and goat carcasses. Goat is the most widespread livestock species, as [1] reported and listed. These results suggest a better assimilation of the natural than artificial milk, although it could also be associated with differences in composition between milks. Breeds are classified in 5 specialities: meat, milk, prolificacy, fiber (pashmina—cashmere and mohair), and skin. [31], it was found that males presented the greatest weights and average daily gains related to females, especially when came from 3 to 5 years old animals, as well as in single born animals and in autumn. One of the goals of the Western Maryland Pasture-Based Meat Goat Performance Test is to characterize and compare carcass characteristics of meat goats consuming a pasture-only diet. However, a common factor is the presence of few studies in comparison with ovine, especially those that characterize the quality of its products (related to carcass and meat). According to allometric coefficients [32], when the weight of an animal increases, there is a decrement in the percentage of bone and an increment in the percentage of fat, being the muscle kept almost constant. Early developed cuts are the leg and shoulder, being ribs and flank the late developed cuts [27]. The higher myofibrillar toughness of light kids could be explained by a lower activity of muscle proteolytic systems, as well as a lower rate of post mortem tenderisation, or higher myofibrillar density due to the short age of light kids. In Table 2, some color variables of different studies are compiled, showing the variability on this parameter depending on the factors considered. [34], differences in L* between breeds on light weight animals were not reported. Due to the high quantity and variability of factors, only some of them will be discussed in the current chapter, those which usually produce more variations. In conclusion, the intramuscular fat from suckling kids has an appropriate nutritional lipid index, and a moderate consumption may contribute to an overall balanced human diet. How? Tissue composition highly affects commercial quality of the carcass. Therefore, the possibility of using the fat composition as a tool to discriminate breeds and fattening diets of goat kids has been proposed [46, 47]. Yield Grades of Carcass Beef. However, there were significant differences among breeds in the texture attributes, as tenderness, juiciness, and fibrousness. Goat carcasses with less subcutaneous fat are more prone to moisture losses and cold shortening subsequent to chilling. In Spain goat, carcass is classified by animal age as: suckling kid (younger than 1.5 months), young goat (between 1.5 and 6 months of age), and adults (older than 6 months).

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