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African Elephant By Jasmijn Haakman Classification And. They are found most often in the savannas, grasslands, and forests of Africa and Asia. Larger in Africa than in India, an elephant's ears are used for a number of purposes. Some more physical adaptations are that it has a trunk used for lifting things which is about 5 feet, tusks for digging and eating, and their big circular shaped ears(4 ft) that help cool them down. One of the main behavioral adaptations noticed in elephants is that they roll on wet mud to drive away flies. The African has two different subspecies and the Indian has four. Many people assume that elephants that are in the wild only live in the grasslands. The elephants' uses for these long tusks include the stripping of bark from trees, digging in the dirt and as a resting place for their trunks. Elephants have large temporal lobes … They also could behave in different ways. Powered by Create your own unique website with customizable templates. Physical Adaptations Of Elephants Animals Mom Me. Highest point is at head vs at shoulder in African elephant. Elephant Adaptations Animal Adaptations Unique Animals. All elephants have versatile proboscis or trunk, columnar legs, thick skin (pachy-dermous), and sparse patches of hair. *Baby elephant seal. Now let’s learn about Behavioral Adaptations… Behavioral Adaptations allow … Adaptations. The ivory trade makes the elephant a target for poachers looking to take and sell their tusks. These adaptations are further effected by the wide variety of habitats in which they are found. The tusks are used to dig, throw objects and even pull down the trees if they want to. The ears also make effective air conditioning. Physical adaptations help an animal survive in its environment. The African Bush Elephant has lots of physical and behavioral. www.sliderbase.com. adaptations of elephant skin for non-evaporative and evaporative heat loss Collaborators: Drs. The African has two different subspecies and the Indian has four. They are commonly used in displays of aggression; an elephant will open its ear flaps out to make their heads look larger and more imposing. Keep learning about this amazing animal by using the lesson named Elephant Adaptations: Lesson for Kids. The ears also make effective air conditioning and the flapping helps to cool the blood. Size. That means they can either have features on their body that help them to adapt to harsh conditions or environments. They are commonly used in displays of aggression; an elephant will open its ear flaps out to make their heads look larger and more imposing. There are actually quite a few physical adaptations that the electric eel has taken on. The elephant has a thick layer of skin to protect it from the heat. Tusks are also used as weapons to protect from predators or to fight with other elephants. Some of these unique adaptations help the elephants survive in harsh, hot climates and perform complex tasks that would usually be difficult for such a large animal. The most agile and powerful nose in the animal kingdom, an elephant's trunk is thought to have over 40,000 muscles. Now let’s learn about Behavioral Adaptations… Behavioral Adaptations allow … The African elephant (Loxodonta africana and Loxodonta cyclotis) is the largest land animal on the planet.Found in sub-Saharan Africa, this majestic herbivore is known for its remarkable physical adaptations as well as its intelligence. Known as pachyderms, which means thick skinned, an elephant's skin is not as thick as it may appear. We spotted these two Elephant Shrews warming themselves in the morning sun in the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park in South Africa. Elephants massive size is a great anti predator adaptation. 12. Their muscles are also used to store oxygen. When an elephant flaps its ears, it is able to decrease its body temperature by up to 10 degrees Fahrenheit (-12 degrees Celsius) and the flapping helps to cool the blood. Tropical Savanna Biome. They have developed a very slippery skin for example to move through the water. These long, curled teeth are both beneficial as well as dangerous to the animals. Average lengths are 71.1 cm (28 inches) for males and 50.8 cm (20 inches) for females. The African Bush Elephants are usually in herds of about 3-20 elephants. Behavioural Adaptations . All animals adapt a few features for their smooth survival in the residing environment. Elephant seals come in varying shades of tan, but look darker-colored when their fur is wet. Distinctive features of all elephants include a long proboscis called a trunk, tusks, large ear flaps, massive legs, and tough but sensitive skin. Ann Pabst, Heather Koopman, and Richard Dillaman, UNCW The primary organ system responsible for the biophysical exchange of heat and water is the integument, which lies at the interface between the animal’s internal environment and the outside world. An elephant's trunk looks like a long snake and has 40,000 muscles that allow it to grab things. This is a video of a herd of elephants that is controlled by a matriarch, which is the oldest female leader of the herd, and then it is also showing them lay in the mud which one of their adaptation. Every year the elephant seals return to their breeding grounds. It depends on where their location is, but they mostly live in the southern part of Africa It would also depend on how many mother elephants there are in the herd, because it takes about 2 years for a mother to give birth to her baby. I’m a walking stick. Elephant Natural Habitat. Female elephant seals are smaller than males, and have a normal-sized nose. three elephant generations. The trunk is used for breathing, bringing food and water to the mouth, and grasping objects. They use it more slowly and … Both sexes of the African and the males of the Asian species of elephants have long teeth known as tusks. Physical Adaptations. Asian elephants adaptations to their environments include developing cooling mechanisms like big ears growing up to six sets of new teeth to support their herbivorous diet and learning ways to communicate using low frequency vibrations to compensate for their small eyes and poor eyesight. Their huge ears help them survive Africa's hot climate, by fanning themselves so they can cool down which allows them to adapt to Africa 's heat. Also, they use their trunks to spray water on themselves when it is hot. Desert Elephant Wikipedia. Elephants are able to survive in a variety of different locations because of the huge variety of food sources that they consume. Create your own unique website with customizable templates. The wrinkles on the skin are designed to produce more surface area through which heat can be dissipated. Many physical adaptations and behaviors allow elephant seals to utilize oxygen more efficiently than other air-breathing animals. They have adapted to their environment as it changes which has helped them survive in their natural habitat. Known as pachyderms, which means thick skinned, an elephant's skin is not as thick as it may appear. Elephant shrews, unlike most small mammals, are diurnal (active during daylight), or crepuscular (some activity during both daylight and night-time), which means they are usually very well camouflaged, often wary, and have well-developed … We can separate adaptations into two categories: Physical AND Behavioral A D A P T A T I O N S Physical adaptations are body structures that allow an animal to find and consume food, defend itself, and to reproduce its species. The tusks serve several purposes for the elephant. It can help you: See how much an adult elephant can weigh Since elephant seals are mammals, they are endothermic or warm-blooded animals maintaining a body temperature pretty close to that of humans. Molecules of oxygen-carrying myoglobin are present in the muscles and colour them black. Jun 21, 2016 - Elephant Approaching - Addo National Park - by Johan Swanepoel Copyright 2020 Leaf Group Ltd. / Leaf Group Media, All Rights Reserved. Cat - Cat - General features and special adaptations: The average weight of the household cat varies from 2.7 to 4.5 kg (6 to 10 pounds), although, among nonpedigreed cats, weights up to 12.7 kg (28 pounds) are not uncommon. Their red blood cells may, as an adaptation for diving, contain more haemoglobin than normal. 12. The Indian elephant (Elephas maximus indicus) is one of three extant recognised subspecies of the Asian elephant and native to mainland Asia.. Some of these unique adaptations help the elephants survive in harsh, hot climates and perform complex tasks that would usually be difficult for such a large animal. Most of these species have the same range of physical adaptations. Elephants have highly developed cerebrums and cerebellums- portions of the brain involved in movement and muscle coordination. The most agile and powerful nose in the animal kingdom, an elephant's trunk is thought to have over 40,000 muscles. Both sexes of the African and the males of the Asian species of elephants have long teeth known as tusks. 3-20 elephants both sexes of the African and the flapping helps to cool the.... Adaptations are further effected by the wide variety of different locations because of huge! Are found subspecies of the herd is usually the oldest female elephant seals are named for large. Herds of about 3-20 elephants that helps an organism to survive in the surrounding environment to. 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